The Phytochemicals and Proximate Compositions of Cocoa based Silage
Christie Oluwatosin Raimi
Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti
Abiodun Adefunmilayo Adeloye
Department of Animal Production, University of Ilorin, Kwara State
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Keywords

cocoa pod
cassava pulp
acacia leaf
phytochemicals
proximate composition
polyphenols

How to Cite

Raimi, C., & Adeloye, A. (2022). The Phytochemicals and Proximate Compositions of Cocoa based Silage. International Journal of Innovative Research and Reviews, 6(1), 11-16. Retrieved from http://www.injirr.com/article/view/98

Abstract

Presently, agro-industrial by-products are used as livestock feeds. There is a need to determine the nutritional properties of these products prior to using them as animal feeds. The qualitative phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of tannins, Phenol, Phlobatannins and Resin. Proximate analysis showed that the fermentation had significantly increased the Protein (15.90-22.12%), Carbohydrate (16.37–45.26%), Calcium (26.09 –35.81ppm), Phosphorus (1.14–1.18ppm), Potassium (2.79–2.98ppm), Butyric acids (2.59–3.11μg/100g), Gallic acids (0.01–0.11mg/kg) and Caloric values (1x103 to 11.5x103KJ/kg) of the silage from Diet 1 to Diet 5(0-100% cocoa pod and cassava pulp). The highest value of crude protein (22.12%) was observed for Diet 5 (50-100% cocoa pod inclusion). Diet 5(50-100% cocoa pod) also had the lowest value for crude fiber (6.08%); fat (0.88%) and highest value for Calcium (35.81ppm) and calories values (11.50 x 103KJ/kg). This result showed that the combinations were a promising source of protein in animal diet if well processed. All the concentrations of anti-nutrients were found to be within acceptable levels for human and animal consumption.

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