Investigating the Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) presence in the breast milk of the nursing mothers in Erzurum province, depending on their nutritional habits. Study was conducted on the mothers (s=90) who have 0-12 months infants and reside in the province of Erzurum, in accordance with ethical considerations. While collecting the data, a questionnaire was conducted to determine the period of breast feeding, Body Mass Index (BMI) and nutritional habits and the presence of AFM1 was determined by ELISA method. No correlation has been found between Body Mass Index and mothers’ nutritional habits with the AFM1 concentration in breast milk (p>0.05) and AFM1 concentration varied between 0.0049 – 0.01503 ppm (μg/kg) and determined as 0.006182±0.001748 ppm (μg/kg) on average. A negative correlation has been found with the AFM1 concentration in breast milk for the mothers who frequently consume fresh fruits and vegetables (r=-0.235) (p<0.05). While the presence of AFM1 in breast milk does not pose a significant risk, mothers' frequent consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables during breast feeding period may increase the breast milk quality which has a fundamental importance on the infant development and health.
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