Effects of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet on Depression, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Turkey

EFFECTS OF ADHERENCE TO THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET

Authors

  • Burcu ATEŞ ÖZCAN Istanbul Okan University
  • Burcu YEŞİLKAYA
  • Hande ÖNGÜN YILMAZ
  • Ahmet Murat GÜNAL
  • Asena Ayça ÖZDEMİR

Keywords:

Anxiety, Depression, Sleep, Mediterranean diet, COVID 19

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the adherence levels of adults to the Mediterranean diet (MD) on depression, anxiety, and sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants attempted the questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale (PSQI), and Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS). Study was conducted with 1053 individuals who were not diagnosed with COVID-19. Negative significant correlations were found between the MEDAS scores and PSQI, Anxiety and depression scores (p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression models were created using univariate analyses performed separately with variables affecting depression, anxiety, and sleep scores. Accordingly, it was found that a 1-point increase in dietary adherence decreased depression score by 3 units, anxiety score by 3.4 units, and sleep score by 1.4 units (p < 0.001). Increasing adherence to the Mediterranean-type nutrition has been found to be effective in increasing the quality of sleep and reducing depression and anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic.

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Published

2021-12-15

How to Cite

Effects of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet on Depression, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Turkey: EFFECTS OF ADHERENCE TO THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET. (2021). International Journal of Innovative Research and Reviews, 5(2), 39-44. http://www.injirr.com/index.php/injirr/article/view/82

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