Innovative Strategies for Enhancing Energy Efficiency of Photovoltaic Thermal Panels
Keywords:Passive Cooling, Cooling Strategies, Innovative Strategies, Photovoltaic Thermal Systems, Active Cooling
Photovoltaic thermal (PVT) panels are sustainable energy systems that transform solar energy into both electricity and thermal energy. This article investigates strategies aimed at improving energy efficiency. These strategies encompass the utilization of next-generation absorber materials, advanced structural designs, cooling techniques, and nanotechnology-based solutions. The article addresses various material and structural designs aimed at enhancing energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness. The development of cooling techniques and the implementation of nanotechnology-based solutions possess great potential to further increase the energy efficiency of PVT panels. In terms of ensuring sustainability in the energy sector and reducing energy costs, the application and continuation of research in this area are of utmost importance. This study aims to contribute to the development of solutions for enhancing the energy efficiency of PVT panels and guiding research in this field by providing a valuable resource for policymakers, researchers, and industry professionals in the energy efficiency and sustainable energy sectors.
Daghigh R, Ruslan MH, Sopian K. Advances in liquid based photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) collectors. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2011) 15(8):4156–4170. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.028.
Santbergen R, Rindt C, Zondag HA, van Zolingen R. Detailed analysis of the energy yield of systems with covered sheet-and-tube PVT collectors. Solar Energy (2010) 84(5):867–878. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2010.02.014.
El Chaar L, lamont LA, El Zein N. Review of photovoltaic technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2011) 15(5):2165–2175. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2011.01.004.
Ghodbane M, Said Z, Ketfi O, Boumeddane B, Hoang AT, Sheikholeslami M, et al. Thermal performance assessment of an ejector air-conditioning system with parabolic trough collector using R718 as a refrigerant: A case study in Algerian desert region. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments (2022) 53:102513. doi:10.1016/j.seta.2022.102513.
Al-Waeli AH, Kazem HA, Chaichan MT, Sopian K. Photovoltaic/Thermal (PV/T) Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2019).
Kalogirou SA, Karellas S, Badescu V, Braimakis K. Exergy analysis on solar thermal systems: A better understanding of their sustainability. Renewable Energy (2016) 85:1328–1333.
Gelis K, Ozbek K, Celik AN, Ozyurt O. A novel cooler block design for photovoltaic thermal systems and performance evaluation using factorial design. Journal of Building Engineering (2022) 48:103928. doi:10.1016/j.jobe.2021.103928.
Öner İV, Yeşilyurt MK, Yılmaz EÇ, Ömeroğlu G. Photovoltaic Thermal (PVT) Solar Panels. International Journal of New Technology and Research (2016) 2(12):13–16.
Alarifi IM. Advanced selection materials in solar cell efficiency and their properties-A comprehensive review. Materials Today (2021).
Tian Y, Zhao C. A review of solar collectors and thermal energy storage in solar thermal applications. Applied Energy (2013) 104:538–553. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.11.051.
Sarbu I, Sebarchievici C. Chapter 3 - Solar Collectors. In: Sarbu I, Sebarchievici C, editors. Solar heating and cooling systems: Fundamentals, experiments and applications / Ioan Sarbu, Calin Sebarchievici. Amsterdam: Academic Press (2016). p. 29–97.
Hajjaj SSH. Review of recent efforts in cooling photovoltaic panels (PVs) for enhanced performance and better impact on the environment. Nanomaterials (2022) 12(10):1664.
Yeşilyurt MK, Nasiri M, Özakın AN. Techniques for Enhancing and Maintaining Electrical Efficiency of Photovoltaic Systems. International Journal of New Technology and Research (2018) 4(4):44–53.
Tonui JK, Tripanagnostopoulos Y. Improved PV/T solar collectors with heat extraction by forced or natural air circulation. Renew Energy (2007) 32:623–637.
Ghazy M, Ibrahim E, Mohamed A, Askalany AA. Cooling technologies for enhancing photovoltaic–thermal (PVT) performance: a state of the art. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering (2022) 13(4):1205–1235.
Ömeroğlu G, Öner İV. Fotovoltaik termal (pvt) sistemlerinde farklı tip kanatçıklar kullanılarak optimum çalışma sıcaklığının tayini. DÜMF Mühendislik Dergisi (2018) 9(1):177–183.
Ömeroğlu G. Fotovoltaik - Termal (PV / T) Sistemin Sayısal (CFD) ve Deneysel Analizi. Fırat Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi (2018) 30(1):161–167.
Ömeroğlu G. CFD Analysis and Electrical Efficiency Improvement of a Hybrid PV/T Panel Cooled by Forced Air Circulation. International Journal of Photoenergy (2018) 2018:1–11. doi:10.1155/2018/9139683.
Ömeroğlu G. Experimental and computational fluid dynamics analysis of a photovoltaic/thermal system with active cooling using aluminum fins. Journal of Photonics for Energy (2017) 7(04):1. doi:10.1117/1.JPE.7.045503.
Noxpanco MG, Wilkins J, Riffat S. A review of the recent development of photovoltaic/thermal (Pv/t) systems and their applications. Future Cities and Environment (2020) 6(1).
Coyle S, Diamond D. Smart nanotextiles: materials and their application (2010). 1–5.
Yeşilyurt MK, Çomakli Ö. Encapsulated Phase Change Material Slurries as Working Fluid in Novel Photovoltaic Thermal Liquid Systems: A Comprehensive Review. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions of Mechanical Engineering (2023). doi:10.1007/s40997-023-00599-0.
Yeşilyurt MK. Kapsüllenmiş Faz Değiştiren Malzemeler İçeren Sulu Karışımın Fotovoltaik Termal Sistemde İş Yapan Akışkan Olarak Performansının Deneysel Olarak İncelenmesi [Experimental Investigation of the Performance of an Encapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry as the Working Fluid in a Photovoltaıc Thermal System]. PhD Thesis. Ataturk University. Erzurum (2023).
Yeşilyurt MK, Nadaroğlu H, Çomaklı Ö. Phase Change Materials and Selection Thereof for Heat Transfer Applications. International Journal of Innovative Research and Reviews (2019) 3(2):16–22.
Yeşilyurt MK, Nadaroğlu H, Çomaklı Ö. Characterization of Physical, Thermal and Hydrodynamic Properties of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry as a Heat Transfer Fluid. In: 4th International Symposium on Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology (2020). p. 232–237.
Qiu L, Ouyang Y, Feng Y, Zhang X. Review on micro/nano phase change materials for solar thermal applications. Renewable Energy (2019) 140:513–538.
Awad MM. Photovoltaic thermal collectors integrated with phase change materials: a comprehensive analysis. Electronics (2022) 11(3):337.
Nadaroğlu H, Yeşilyurt MK, Çomaklı Ö. Micro-/Nano-Encapsulation and Encapsulation Applications. In: Ahmed W, Nourafkan E, editors. Science and Applications of Nanoparticles: Jenny Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd. (2022). p. 55–102.
Yeşilyurt MK, Omeroglu G, Comakli Ö, Nadaroğlu H. Encapsulated Phase Change Material Slurries (ePCM-S) As Working Fluid In Heat Transfer Applications. In: 4th International Conference on Sustainable Development (2018).
Sharma A, Tyagi VV, Chen CR, Buddhi D. Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2009) 13(2):318–345. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.10.005.
Al-Waeli AH, Chaichan MT, Kazem HA, Sopian K. Evaluation and analysis of nanofluid and surfactant impact on photovoltaic-thermal systems. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering (2019) 13:100392. doi:10.1016/j.csite.2019.100392.
Al-Waeli AH, Chaichan MT, Sopian K, Kazem HA. Influence of the base fluid on the thermo-physical properties of PV/T nanofluids with surfactant. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering (2019) 13:100340. doi:10.1016/j.csite.2018.10.001.
Hamzat AK, Şahin AZ, Omisanya MI, Alhems LM. Advances in PV and PVT cooling technologies: A review. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments (2021) 47:101360.
Karakaya H, Şen İ. Fotovoltaik panellerde verim iyileştirme yöntemleri. Academic Perspective Procedia (2019) 2(3):1179–1188.
Mageswari A, Srinivasan R, Subramanian P, Ramesh N, Gothandam KM. Nanomaterials: classification, biological synthesis and characterization. Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture (2016) 3:31–71.
Copyright (c) 2023 Gökhan Ömeroğlu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The authors keep the copyrights of the published materials with them, but the authors are aggee to give an exclusive license to the publisher that transfers all publishing and commercial exploitation rights to the publisher. The puslisher then shares the content published in this journal under CC BY-NC-ND license.