As an emphasis on the synergistic interaction of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology, nanoparticles need to develop environmentally benign technologies in the synthesis of biosynthesis and nanomaterials. Microorganisms, plants and fungi can be used as biodegradable agent material in this field work. Thus, it was possible to develop a simple, fast and green method for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Various strategies are used for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Traditionally, physicochemical techniques have increased environmental concerns due to the reduction of metal ions followed by surface modification, toxic compounds added for stability, and dangerous byproducts formed. At the time of nanoparticle synthesis by adding chemical and physical methods at high temperature and pressure, reducing and stabilizing agents; nanoparticle synthesis by biological methods; room temperature and pressure, reducing and stabilizing agents are needed. Green synthesis method; provides a faster metallic nanoparticle production by offering an environmentally friendly, simple, economical and reproducible approach. Given the wide range of applications of metallic nanoparticles produced, biological methods play a major role in the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles.
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