Effects of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet on Depression, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Turkey
Burcu ATEŞ ÖZCAN
Istanbul Okan University
Burcu YEŞİLKAYA
Hande ÖNGÜN YILMAZ
Ahmet Murat GÜNAL
Asena Ayça ÖZDEMİR
PDF

Keywords

Anxiety
Depression
Sleep
Mediterranean diet
COVID 19

How to Cite

ATEŞ ÖZCAN, B., YEŞİLKAYA, B., ÖNGÜN YILMAZ, H., GÜNAL, A., & ÖZDEMİR, A. (2021). Effects of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet on Depression, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Turkey. International Journal of Innovative Research and Reviews, 5(2), 39-44. Retrieved from http://www.injirr.com/article/view/82

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the adherence levels of adults to the Mediterranean diet (MD) on depression, anxiety, and sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants attempted the questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale (PSQI), and Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS). Study was conducted with 1053 individuals who were not diagnosed with COVID-19. Negative significant correlations were found between the MEDAS scores and PSQI, Anxiety and depression scores (p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression models were created using univariate analyses performed separately with variables affecting depression, anxiety, and sleep scores. Accordingly, it was found that a 1-point increase in dietary adherence decreased depression score by 3 units, anxiety score by 3.4 units, and sleep score by 1.4 units (p < 0.001). Increasing adherence to the Mediterranean-type nutrition has been found to be effective in increasing the quality of sleep and reducing depression and anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic.

PDF
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

The authors keep the copyrights of the published materials with them, but the authors are aggee to give an exclusive license to the publisher that transfers all publishing and commercial exploitation rights to the publisher. The puslisher then shares the content published in this journal under CC BY-NC-ND license.